Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are both frail and who have poor lung function or dyspnea are at especially high risk of disability within 3 to 5 years as well as all-cause mortality years later, a prospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults has shown.
“Frailty, a widely recognized geriatric syndrome characterized by multidimensional functional decline in bio-psycho-social factors, is associated with functional disability and mortality,” senior author Tze Pin Ng, MD, National University of Singapore, and colleagues explain.
“Our results…suggest that beyond traditional prognostic markers such as FEV1% (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) and dyspnea, the physical frailty phenotype provides additional useful prognostic information on future risks of disability and mortality,” the authors suggest.
The study was published online December 12 in Chest.
Links: Medscape (12/2021) (article is available open access on Medscape with free registration)