End-stage lung disease is a common hospice primary diagnosis. This disease state continues to be a popular resource request from clients on annual survey. Considering new therapies released, education is needed to discern place in therapy. In addition, annual client survey results reveal dyspnea as a popular topic and an area where nursing seeks to improve skills.
- List the stages of COPD and understand its clinical course
- Describe barriers to palliative care for patients with COPD
- Describe the pharmacologic management of advanced COPD
- Examine efficacy of opioids and other therapies in management of refractory dyspnea